Learn how a Segway works
"Segway" We move you
Segway has made it a passionate calling to move you - simply, efficiently and intelligently. The Segway Personal Transporter (PT) is the first two-wheel self-balancing electric vehicle to utilise patented dynamic stabilising technology. Today, we at Segway are focused on offering our clients a safe, unique product that newly defines personal movement for consumers and business clients.
How the Segway PT functions
To move the Segway PT forward or backwards, the driver/rider simply leans forward or backwards. To turn left or right, the driver simple tilts the LeanSteer handlebars to the left or right. When the driver stands upright, the vehicle stops. Segway engineers call this "dynamic stabilisation". This body-related steering belongs to the most intuitive worldwide and contributes substantially to the fun of driving. When Dean Kamen introduced the Segway PT on ABC’s "Good Morning America", he described the vehicle as "the worldwide first self-balancing means of transportation for people". It is easy to understand what he means when you observe the vehicle in motion. Unlike a car, the Segway PT has only two wheels, which means it is capable of standing upright by itself.
How dynamic stabilisation functions
The most fascinating feature of the Segway PT and the key to its handling is its ability to independently maintain balance. To understand how the system functions, it is helpful to look at Kamen’s model for the vehicle – the human body. If you stand and lean so far forward that you overbalance, you will generally not fall flat on your face. The brain knows that you are not in a balance because the liquid in the inner ear has moved. This causes the feet to move forward to prevent a fall. As long as you lean forward, the brain will initiate the forward foot movement. Instead of falling, you move forwards one step after the other.
The Segway PT does pretty much the same, except that it has wheels instead of feet, a motor instead of muscles, a microprocessor instead of a brain and sophisticated balancing sensors (gyroscopes and Accelerometers) instead of an inner-ear balancing sense. Just like the brain, the Segway PT knows when the driver leans forward. To maintain balance, the vehicle moves the wheels at exactly at the right speed. Segway calls this behaviour "dynamic stabilisation" and has patented this unique process that enables the Segway PT to maintain balance on just two wheels.
The brain and the muscles
The Segway PT is comprised of an intelligent network of sensors, mechanical components, a drive system and a steering system. From the moment the driver stands on the vehicle, five gyroscopic sensors and two acceleration sensors begin to analyse the terrain and body position one hundred times per second. The Coriolis Force describes the deflection of moving objects when they are viewed in a rotating reference frame. When one observes an aeroplane that apparently flies in a straight line, the line appears to be curved, as the earth below is also moving. The Segway PT has five gyroscopic sensors, even though only three are necessary, to measure the weight shifting forward and backwards - the "pitch", left and right - the "roll" and the steering left and right - the "yaw". The additional sensors serve the redundancy to make the product even more reliable. Information about the weight shifting of the driver and the steering movement is transmitted together with the information from additional inclination sensors to the "brain" of the Segway PT. The brain consists of two redundant electrical circuit boards, which are respectively fitted with a group of microprocessors. The battery and motor winding are also redundant. They work together to share with the necessary propulsion of the workload. The Segway PT also has other additional microprocessors. The vehicle requires this much computing capacity because precise steering calculations must be carried out in the shortest possible time to prevent toppling. If a circuit board or the associated battery, motor winding or wiring fails during the drive, the other redundant system takes overall functioning. The system informs the driver about defects and initiates a controlled stop. ⚠️Attention be aware of cheap imitation copies these lacks vital components of full redundancy making them very unsafe and dangerous⚠️ For peace of mind if you ever take Segway tour or Segway experience make sure they use proper Real Segways check with the venue first as a lot of dangerous copies have flooded the market without going through the safety rigourous testing. The microprocessors utilise advanced software that steers the vehicle. The program monitors all information that reaches it from the gyroscopic sensors and adjusts the speed of the electric motors accordingly. The electric motors, supplied from two rechargeable lithium-ion batteries, are able to move each wheel independently at varying speeds. If the vehicle is tilted forward, the motors in both wheels move forwards to prevent toppling over. If the vehicle is tilted backwards, the motors move the wheels backwards. If the driver operates the LeanSteer handlebars to turn left or right, the motor in one wheel moves faster than the other or in opposite directions so that the vehicle turns on the spot. While driving, the Segway PT takes centrifugal force into account and steers exactly the right curve radius that is necessary to maintain balance.
Drive as if skiing
The Segway PT feels like an extension of the body. The driver rapidly feels how the slightest steering impulse through body shifting sets the vehicle in motion. Segway driving is entirely intuitive and you can master control of the vehicle in the shortest time. Thanks to the patented and high precision LeanSteer technology, you can not only steer the vehicle to the exact millimetre but test out your sports driving ability, just like carving on skis. Just try it out for yourself!